Types of Coffee｜Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world, and there are many different types of coffee. Have you ever feel confused reading the coffee menu with so many options? Each with its own unique flavour profile and brewing process. In this article, we will introduce some of the most popular types of coffee.
Espresso is a type of coffee that is made by forcing hot water through finely ground coffee beans under high pressure. It is typically served in small, concentrated portions called shots. Espresso is the base for many other coffee drinks, such as cappuccinos and lattes.
A cappuccino is a coffee beverage that is made with espresso, steamed milk, and frothed milk. It is usually served in a small cup, and the frothed milk is often sprinkled with cocoa powder or cinnamon. Cappuccinos are typically less strong than espresso and have a creamy texture.
A latte is a coffee beverage that is made with espresso and steamed milk. It is typically served in a tall glass, and some cafes add a small amount of foam on top. Lattes can be flavoured with syrups like vanilla or caramel, and they are often sweeter than cappuccinos.
4. Flat white
A coffee that includes espresso and steamed milk, similar to a latte, but with a higher proportion of coffee to milk.
An Americano is a coffee beverage that is made by adding hot water to a shot of espresso. It is similar in strength to drip coffee but has a richer flavour. Americanos are often served black, but they can also be customised with milk or sweetener.
A macchiato is a coffee beverage that is made with a shot of espresso and a small amount of frothed milk. It is typically served in a small cup and is stronger than a cappuccino or latte. Macchiatos can be customised with flavours like caramel or hazelnut.
Lungo is a type of coffee that is similar to espresso, but with more water and a longer extraction time. The word “Lungo” means “long” in Italian, and refers to the fact that more water is used to make this type of coffee, resulting in a longer extraction time.
A mocha is a coffee beverage that is made with espresso, chocolate syrup, and steamed milk. It is typically served in a tall glass and can be customised with whipped cream or chocolate shavings. Mochas are often sweeter than other coffee drinks.
9. Pour-over coffee
Pour-over coffee is a brewing method that involves pouring hot water over coffee grounds placed in a filter. The water slowly drips through the grounds and into a carafe or mug below. Pour-over coffee is known for its clean, bright flavor and is often preferred by coffee enthusiasts.
10. Drip coffee
Drip coffee is made by pouring hot water over coffee grounds that are placed in a filter. The coffee then drips into a carafe or mug below. Drip coffee is typically served black, but it can be customised with milk, cream, or sweetener. Drip coffee is a popular choice for home brewing.
11. French press
A French press is a coffee brewing method that involves steeping coarse coffee grounds in hot water and then pressing them down with a plunger. French press coffee is typically stronger and has a richer flavor than drip coffee. French presses are a popular choice for home brewing.
12. Cold brew
Cold brew is a type of coffee that is made by steeping coffee grounds in cold water for several hours. The resulting coffee concentrate is then diluted with water or milk. Cold brew coffee is less acidic than hot brewed coffee and has a smoother, sweeter taste. Cold brew is a popular choice for hot summer days.
13. Nitro cold brew
Nitro cold brew is a type of cold brew coffee that is infused with nitrogen gas. The resulting coffee has a creamy texture and a frothy head, similar to a pint of Guinness. Nitro cold brew is served on tap and is becoming increasingly popular in cafes and coffee shops.
14. Turkish coffee
Turkish coffee is a strong, thick coffee beverage that is made by simmering finely ground coffee beans in a pot with water and sugar. The resulting coffee is served in small cups and is often accompanied by Turkish delight or other sweets.
15. Irish coffee
Irish coffee is a cocktail made with coffee, Irish whiskey, sugar, and whipped cream. It is typically served in a glass mug and is a popular after-dinner drink.
An affogato is a coffee-based dessert that consists of a shot of espresso poured over a scoop of vanilla ice cream. The result is a sweet, creamy coffee that is perfect for dessert.
A coffee that includes espresso and steamed milk in a 1:1 or 1:2 ratio.
There are many interesting facts and details about coffee, and exploring the different types and brewing methods can be a fun and delicious experience. Whether you prefer a strong espresso or a sweet latte, there’s a coffee out there for everyone.